Gingivitis is a pathological condition that all human beings manifest from time to time. This usually results from the accumulation of bacterial plaque with the subsequent formation of supra- and sub-gengival sulcus. Initially, plaque consists of gram-positive aerobic bacteria (more than 200 stains of species), mucin, desquamated epithelial cells, and food debris. These microorganisms deplete the available oxygen within the pockets, permitting the infusion of gram-negative anaerobic pathogens. Their metabolic by-products produce a sharp negative pH in the pockets, compromising the immune system. If this process is not interrupted, acute and chronic inflammation will develop followed by massive soft-tissue and bone destruction. If this material is removed from the teeth and pockets during the early stages of development, the inflammatory process will be reverse and the periodontal tissues will return to normal.
The Hydro Floss unit produces an intermittent impulse decompression phase that compresses the tissues and dislodges the foreign material from the periodontal pockets and teeth with pressure in the range of 5 to 60 psi. As the tissues rebound, a strong suction is produced due to the venturi effect that is created by these rapid pulsations. The hydro-magnetic component of this device also affects the ionization process, loosening the water molecules, reducing surface tension of the tooth, and inhibiting the bacteria's ability to attain critical mass and calculus to form.
Hydro-magnetic oral irrigation should be used as an adjunct to brushing and flossing. However, for the large patient population who refuse to floss or those who do floss but have developed sub-gingival pocketing too deep for the string to reach, Hydro Floss has been found to be an effective alternative.
Initially the pressure gauge should be set between 4 and 5, with the regular delivery tip provided with the unit, so as not to cause irritation or discomfort. Increase pressure gradually as tenderness lessens. The flow of the fluid should be directed 90% to the tooth's surface from the buccal and lingual in order to flush the debris and plaque out of the pockets and not deeper toward the apex.
Additional sub-gingival tips are available for situations where it becomes impossible for the regular tips to reach all areas of the pockets. They are sold separately and are available for use only with your doctor's or hygienist's instruction. Fluid pressure should be monitored to be sure that the patient does not exceed the tissue tolerance of the periodontium.>