Gingivitis is a pathological condition that all human beings manifest from time to time. This usually results from the accumulation of bacterial plaque with the subsequent formation of supra- and sub-gengival sulcus. Initially, plaque consists of gram-positive aerobic bacteria (more than 200 stains of species), mucin, desquamated epithelial cells, and food debris. These microorganisms deplete the available oxygen within the pockets, permitting the infusion of gram-negative anaerobic pathogens. Their metabolic by-products produce a sharp negative pH in the pockets, compromising the immune system. If this process is not interrupted, acute and chronic inflammation will develop followed by massive soft-tissue and bone destruction. If this material is removed from the teeth and pockets during the early stages of development, the inflammatory process will be reverse and the periodontal tissues will return to normal.
The Hydro Floss unit produces an intermittent impulse decompression phase that compresses the tissues and dislodges the foreign material from the periodontal pockets and teeth with pressure in the range of 5 to 60 psi. As the tissues rebound, a strong suction is produced due to the venturi effect that is created by these rapid pulsations. The hydro-magnetic component of this device also affects the ionization process, loosening the water molecules, reducing surface tension of the tooth, and inhibiting the bacteria's ability to attain critical mass and calculus to form.